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About cancer stages

About cancer stages

In order to prescribe treatment, doctors need to know the extent or “stage” of cancer in the body. For leukemia, there are different staging systems depending on the type of leukemia you have. 

Diagnostic tests for all types of leukemia

The following tests are used to diagnose leukemia. The results of these tests may also help doctors identify the leukemia stage. 

Diagnostic tests

Staging and other tests

  • Medical history and physical examination
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Blood chemistry tests
  • Bleeding and clotting factors
  • Cytochemistry
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Cytogenetic and molecular studies
  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy
  • Lumbar puncture
  • Lymph node biopsy

The method used to identify leukemia stages varies by type of leukemia